Also known as: Muscat of Samos, Moschoudi, Muscat of Rio, Moschostafylo, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat à petits grains, Moscato bianco, Moscato di Trani.
A variety grown extensively in a number of countries in the world (France, Greece, Italy, Romania, Germany, Turkey, Australia, the United States, etc.). In Greece it is cultivated on Samos, in the northwest Peloponnese (Rio, Patras), on Cephallonia, Rhodes and sporadically in the Cyclades, the Ionian islands, Thessaly, Crete and lately in Macedonia. It ripens in early September, is easily oxidised and requires attention during the vinification.
The Muscat can yield dry wines with a typical rich aroma that are high in alcohol and have medium acidity, but is particularly known for its exceptional sweet wines – `Liastos`(from sun-dried grapes) or Vins de Liqueur – with a generous nose and full-bodied palate.
The white Muscat is used to produce the sweet V.L.Q.P.R.D. `Samos`, `Muscat of Patras`, `Muscat of Rio of Patras`, `Muscat of Cephallonia` and `Muscat of Rhodes`.
[Text and photos taken from the book 'Wine-producing varieties of the Greek vineyard' by Haroula Spinthiropoulou - Olive Press Publications, 2000 (in Greek)]